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In February , Montesinos was freed after two years in jail. He was given work by his cousin Sergio Cardenal Montesinos, a lawyer who persuaded him to pursue a degree in law.
He received his law diploma only three months later, through fraudulent means. Book No. On August 15, , Montesinos used his degree to register as a lawyer with the Superior Court of Lima.
Ten days later, on August 25, , he became a member of the Lima bar association. He became notorious for representing a number of Colombian and Peruvian members of the illegal drug trade , as well as police officers accused of being involved in drug trafficking.
In addition, he acted as guarantor on Tamayo's lease of several offices and warehouses used to manufacture cocaine.
Between and , Montesinos revealed sensitive information related to military wiretapping and assassinations to the newspaper Kausachum , run by Augusto Zimmerman, ex-spokesperson of deposed president Juan Velasco Alvarado.
Montesinos fled to Ecuador , where in he revealed information to the Ecuadorian Army about Peru's military weapons purchases.
The investigation was closed that year in order to "protect institutional image", and Montesinos was allowed to return to Peru. Montesinos came to public notice again in when he defended Alberto Fujimori against accusations of fraudulent real estate dealings, during the presidential campaign, in which Fujimori was an obscure candidate.
The paperwork in the case disappeared and the charges were dropped. After Fujimori won the general elections , on July 28 of Montesinos became his chief advisor and the effective head of the National Intelligence Service its acronym in Spanish is SIN.
Montesinos is widely accused of threatening or harassing Fujimori's political opponents. Evidence proves that he supervised a death squad known as the Grupo Colina , part of the National Intelligence Service, which was thought to have been responsible for the Barrios Altos massacre and the La Cantuta massacre , actions intended to repress the Shining Path Sendero Luminoso , the major communist insurgency movement that had been operating since the s.
On March 16, , former Peruvian Army Intelligence Agent Luisa Zanatta accused Montesinos of ordering illegal wiretaps of leading politicians and journalists.
Zanatta also said that army intelligence agents had killed fellow agent Mariella Barreto Riofano because she gave a magazine information about human rights violations, as well as the location of bodies from the La Cantuta massacre.
Zanatta said that in early , Barreto had told her that she was part of the Grupo Colina death squad responsible for the La Cantuta massacre.
Barreto's dismembered body was found by a roadside on March 29, and showed evidence of torture before death and mutilation. During the Fujimori years, Montesinos gained extensive control over the Peruvian media by bribing television channel executives.
Montesinos funneled additional funds to the television channels through government advertising. To maintain this control he structured bribe payments in monthly installments, limiting the risk of defection by the TV channel owners.
He also ensured continued cooperation through blackmail, utilizing video evidence of sexual indiscretions by bribe recipients.
To keep track of the numerous bribes and gain further evidence of the owners' complicity, which could also be used as blackmail, Montesinos filmed monetary exchanges and forced channel executives to sign contracts stipulating the extent of influence he expected in return for the stated monetary bribe.
Canal N , remained the only independent television channel, funded entirely by monthly service fees. Montesinos did not bribe Canal N because of their low viewership, numbering in the tens of thousands, which was a result of the unaffordability of the monthly fees for most Peruvians.
Canal N was the first network to air the Kouri videotape, which exposed the extent of Montesinos's corruption. Her testimony was later brought into question.
On July 14, , the government legally stripped Ivcher, a native Israeli , of his Peruvian nationality for supposed offenses against the government. In September, control of Channel 2 was given to minority shareholders more sympathetic to the government.
We are now a country headed by an authoritarian regime. The presidential elections, which followed years of political violence, was controversial.
A journalist claimed to have a videotape of Montesinos bribing election officials to fix the vote. He claimed to have been kidnapped by secret police agents, who sawed his arm to the bone to get him to give up the tape.
In view of such tactics, the Clinton administration threatened briefly not to recognize Fujimori's victory. It backed off from this threat, and pressured Fujimori's government to take action to root out abuses, including ousting Montesinos.
These particular Dominicans were from a reformist sect and were appalled at what they saw. By the time the Dominicans arrived on the Island of Hispaniola, the native population had been decimated and was in serious decline.
All of the native leaders had been killed, and the remaining Indigenous people were enslaved and given away to colonists. A nobleman arriving with his wife could expect to be given 80 enslaved natives; a soldier could expect Governor Diego Columbus the son of Christopher Columbus authorized slaving raids on neighboring islands, and enslaved Africans had been brought in to work the mines.
These enslaved people, living in misery and struggling with new diseases, languages, and culture, died by the score. The colonists, oddly, seemed almost oblivious to this ghastly scene.
By what authority have you waged such detestable wars against people who were once living so quietly and peacefully in their own land?
The colonists were stunned and outraged. Governor Columbus, responding to the petitions of the colonists, asked the Dominicans to punish Montesinos and retract all that he had said.
The Dominicans refused and took things even further, informing Columbus that Montesinos spoke for all of them.
The next week, Montesinos spoke again, and many settlers turned out, expecting him to apologize. Instead, he re-stated what he had before, and further informed the colonists that he and his fellow Dominicans would no longer hear confessions from enslaver colonists.
The Hispaniola Dominicans were gently rebuked by the head of their order in Spain , but they continued to hold fast to their principles. Finally, King Fernando had to settle the matter.
Montesinos traveled to Spain with Franciscan friar Alonso de Espinal, who represented the pro-enslavement point of view.
Fernando allowed Montesinos to speak freely and was aghast at what he heard. He summoned a group of theologians and legal experts to consider the matter, and they met several times in The end results of these meetings were the Laws of Burgos, which guaranteed certain basic rights to New World natives living in Spanish lands.
On June 27, Antonio de Montesinos was murdered by an officer of the expedition due to his strong opposition to the exploitation of the Indians. A large statue of Montesinos delivering his sermon is at the seafront of Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic.
Facing the sea, the stone and bronze statue is 15 meters tall and was designed by Mexican sculptor Antonio Castellanos. It was donated to the Dominican people by the Mexican government, and dedicated in by the presidents of Mexico and the Dominican Republic.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Dominican friar. For the Portuguese traveler, see Antonio de Montezinos. Sculpture by Antonio Castellanos Basich.
Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved Categories : Spanish Dominicans deaths. Namespaces Article Talk.Bewertungen lesen 4. Ein stylishes Pokercasino im 3. Das Beste in der Umgebung. Weihnachtsdorf Schloss Belvedere 3,1 km.